Many ingredients go into making a great E-Learning course. The end product must meet the needs of a learner for it to be called as learning material. Different organization follows different approaches for developing online training courses. Some prefer to prepare the entire training material all at once and some prefer to work in small segments and develop the material along the way as the need directs. Apart from the training requirements, there are many other factors such as development time, budget, client’s supposition, complexity that affects the selection of learning material process in an organization. This process of preparing learning material is called the Instructional Design Process. And certain stages in Instructional design process always remains constant no matter which approach is selected by the organization.
- Understand The Needs: Analyzing the requirements of the training is one of the most important 8 stages in Instructional Design process. Whenever a demand for training arises, the organization should do a deep analysis not just on the business and training needs but also on learner’s need. It helps them to understand their audience better so that the learning material can be created based on their current level of knowledge. Also, those instructional designers should be chosen who are well versed with the training topic. Technology and Branding are the other two fields that need to be taken into consideration.
- Recognize The Objectives Of The Learning Material: Based on all the analysis done in the above stage, the objectives of the learning material should be recognized in this next stage. Before creating content, it is important to understand the basic difference between things your learner should know and must know. With a clear goal in mind, the learning material can be precise and objective oriented to meet the client’s and business’ needs.
- Create Design: Designing is the third stage of 8 stages in Instructional Design. To create engaging and attention-seeking learning material, first, its design should be created in the alignment of the scope. The instructional designers can’t directly create learning content as it may result in disaster. To attract the audience on an online platform is relatively easier than to attract the same audience for learning online. The content should have enough character to grab attention. Firstly, the content should be collected in small groups and then it should be organized logically. As the outline is prepared, designers can select an approach such as story-based, video-based, game-based, problem based, etc which will best deliver the knowledge.
- Make A Storyboard: Next comes, a visual document called a storyboard that contains the learning material with visual stimulations in an organized manner. Create a storyboard with the content which includes all the facts, classifications, processes, etc with the use of relevant pictures, videos, icons, text, characters, etc. This is created for the understanding of the client.
- Create A Sample: Design a prototype of 4 to 5 unique and different pages based on the client’s approved design. It will help the client understand how the storyboard will be transformed into the actual learning material.
- Develop Training Material: After receiving the approval on storyboard and prototype from the clients, the development of training material can be initiated. This stage includes the process of developing visuals, examples, interactivities, knowledge checks, and post-training assessments along with recording voice-over of a professional artist. After everything is integrated, the visually appealing eLearning template should be selected which matches well with the content.
- Deliver Learning Material: LMS (Learning Management System) is an online platform that an organization uses to host their eLearning courses. The entire learner’s progress and course completion reports along with pre and post-training resources can be tracked on this LMS.
- Evaluation: The final step of these 8 stages in Instructional Design is to evaluate how the training turns out. This evaluation can be done at Learner’s level and the Organization’s level. It is important that the main motive of the training is achieved and that’s what the evaluation process tells us. It evaluates whether or not the content was engaging and knowledgeable and if the business is positively impacted or not.