We all have different personalities, different wants and needs, and different ways of showing our emotions. Navigating through this all takes thoughtfulness and cleverness –particularly if we tend to hope to achieve overall success in life. This is where emotional intelligence becomes important. Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize one’s emotions, understand what they’re conveying, and realize how emotions affect people around you. It also involves one’s perception of others: when one understands how they feel and are able to manage relationships more effectively. No matter what the case, our brains are hardwired to override our rational thought in favor of our emotions. Therefore, understanding one’s own emotions becomes crucial for oneself and for others.
Hence, in this article we are going to discuss about Emotional Intelligence Competencies and how they are essential in maintaining overall health and well
Emotional Intelligence Competencies
According to psychologist Daniel Goleman who popularized the concept of emotional intelligence, there are 5 key emotional intelligence competencies that come under two primary categories- personal competence: skills that focus more on the individual rather than interactions with others and social competence: the ability to understand other’s moods, thoughts and emotions to improve the quality of relationships.
The 5 core Emotional Intelligence Competencies are:
- Self-awareness – Self awareness is the ability to recognize and understand personal moods and emotions as well as their effects on others. It depends on one’s ability to correctly identify and label each emotion. People who possess high self awareness have a good sense of humor, are confident in their abilities and have a realistic self assessment which is a sure sign of self awareness.
- Self-regulation – Self regulation is to the ability to control or redirect disruptive moods or emotions and express them appropriately. It is the skill to monitor and regulate one’s own thoughts, emotions and behavior and altering or expressing them in accordance with the demands of the situation. Those who are high on this ability tend to be flexible and adapt well to change. They are good at managing conflicts, are thoughtful and high on conscientiousness.
- Motivation – Intrinsic motivation plays an important role in emotional intelligence. It is the kind that comes from within and fuels an individual to overcome a challenge and achieve the goal. People who are emotionally intelligent are motivated by things beyond mere external rewards, to fulfill their inner needs and goals. Those who are competent in this area are action oriented, set goals and tend to be very committed and have a high need for achievement.
- Empathy – Empathy or the ability to share someone else’s feelings or experiences as if they were one’s own is critical to emotional intelligence. It is important to be empathetic rather than sympathetic in order to be emotionally intelligent. Goleman suggests that people high on empathy are self disciplined, optimists, competitive, initiative, resourceful and determined.
- Social Skills – Social skills involve proficiency in managing relationships and the ability to interact well with others. It also involves the ability to guide and inspire others and diffuse stressful situations using cooperation and negotiation. People who possess high social skills are effective in leading change, persuasive, active listeners and have good verbal communication skills.
Importance of Emotional Intelligence Competencies
After having a clear explanation of what is emotional intelligence, we must know why it is important. Emotional Intelligence features an effective result within the everyday lives of individuals. The importance of emotional intelligence competencies is:
- EQ helps become stronger and more motivated. It reduces procrastination and increases self-confidence.
- It conjointly permits to make higher support systems, overcome obstacles and persevere in life more optimistically.
- With being empathetic, you can have a better understanding of those around you.
- Whether professionally or in your personal space, you can communicate your feelings in a constructive manner.
- You can effectively perceive the emotions, responses, and needs of people you care about, which can lead to having stronger and more fulfilling relationships.
- Also, whether physically or mentally, with EQ you can handle all the stress life throws at you.
- You can avoid falling into depression or anxiety, which also affect you physically.
- EQ also permits you to own a positive mental outlook on life.
Decades of research now point to Emotional Intelligence Competencies as the critical factors that set star performers apart from the rest of the pack. It affects the way we tend to manage behavior, navigate complexities and make personal choices that accomplish positive results. Emotional intelligence is the foundation for a host of critical skills—it impacts almost everything we say and do each day. Hence, emotional intelligence does play an important role in the overall personal as well as social wellness of an individual and can be developed effectively in several ways.