DISC personality assessment divides individuals into four primary personality types. However, DISC analyses each person as a combination of all the four traits in the order of their intensity. The four personality traits are
Dominance (D), Influence (I), Steadiness (S), and Conscientiousness (C).The theory of DISC says that each individual is a mix of all the four style, with one dominant style.
DiSC Personality Types
The traits of each of the following personality types may be understood in the following scenarios:
Scenario 1: D style
If person X has a D style of DiSC, he/she prioritizes achieving the bottom-line. They tend to work out ways to overcome obstacles to achieving set targets.
A D style leader:
When person X is faced with a situation that needs immediate attention and a systematic method to achieve results, He/she is likely to be determined and driven. He/she derives motivation primarily through victory, competition, and success. They like to accept challenges, and are very action oriented. They value results the most. Person A would prioritize action and results when a situation confronts them. They are strong-willed and fast-paced along with being self-confident. They are limited by lack of concern for their team members and others who work in collaboration with them. They fear being seen as vulnerable and unsure. Person A would most appreciate a team member who is competent, proactive, accepts challenges, and produces concrete results.
He/she would benefit from displaying patience and sensitivity. They should also learn to be slow in certain areas and pay attention to details.
Scenario 2: I style
If person Y has a predominantly I style of DiSC, they give importance to influence and persuasion. They shape the environment by influencing others.
An I style leader:
If person Y is leading a team and faces a demanding situation or task, he/she would prioritize building the right attitude required to achieve results in the set time among the team members. They are charismatic and highly energetic people. He/she is likely impulsive and disorganized. He/she would likely lack a follow-through approach. They would prefer to convince others and influence them to do the tasks in the given amount of time. They are positive and trusting. They value recognition and social prestige very much. They fear the loss of influence and disapproval.
Person Y would benefit from learning to follow-through the entire process along with doing extensive research on a subject.
Scenario 3: S style
If Person Z has the S style personality, he/she places most emphasis on steadiness of approach.
The S style leader:
If person Z is a team lead or a leader of any organization, he/she would most importantly work on team effort and building a steady work atmosphere. He/she is motivated by cooperation and sincerity. They are calm and patient and pay attention to details. They are limited by lack of assertion. They value stability the most. They are predictable and consistent. They would benefit from being more decisive. They value loyalty the most. They strive to make personal achievements and group acceptance. The wish to exercise control and would benefit from learning to multitask and adapt to environments.
Scenario 4: C style
If person A has a predominant C style, they give much prominence to working conscientiously within the existing circumstances. They value quality and accuracy.
A C style leader:
If person A is faced with challenging situations, is likely to thoroughly analyze the situation in a logical manner and come up with a number of options after detailed analysis. They value quality very much. He/she looks for accuracy in both the action plan to work towards a result as well as the precision of the result itself. He/she is most motivated by opportunities to gain knowledge. He/she would wish to grab opportunities where capacity building and knowledge expansion. He/she likes to exhibit their knowledge, skills, and expertise to handle the situation on hand. He/she appreciates quality in work.
Person with C style would handle the challenging situations without going about any presumptions. He/she would like to maintain stability and consistency in the direction of accomplishing tasks. These individuals are cautious and organized. They do not exhibit risk taking behavior. They aim to achieve accuracy and precision through a steady work approach in a systematic style. Person C, however, is limited by his/her overly analytical and critical nature. He/she fears criticism and incorrectness. They strive for correctness of each of their actions.
Person C, as a leader, would make correctness and stability as a primary goal when faced with challenging situations for their team. He/she appreciates quality. He/she would not expect members of the team to compromise on quality even under pressurized timelines. They would like to make unique accomplishments at work for the team and do not like to make any presumptions beforehand. They set timelines and priorities based on their expectations of quality. He/she would benefit from learning to let go and delegate tasks to team members. They should also learn to make compromises on quality and accuracy when the situation demands it in order to make it easier for the team. Their actions are deliberated and slow, it would be beneficial to make quicker decisions.