Instructional design is the practice of creating useful and exceptional learning experiences for a focused audience. Instructional Designers work with subject-matter experts in their respective fields to recognize and face knowledge and performance gaps within a target group. Based on their researches and the requirements of the organization, they create educational experiences that are based on established learning theories and proof -based practice. The future of instructional design is going through quick changes as a consequence of research in the fields of technology, education and learner behavior. The best part is, these changes are occurring at present and the journey from the working table to the screen is getting shorter. Competent organizations are tuned into these instructional design trends and already implementing them. This article is an attempt to explore the trends that are impacting and will influence the future of instructional design.
Instructional design will improve when designers get more insights into how people learn. Findings in this field no doubt, has a great impact on learning design and will do so in the future as well. One of the fundamental aims of instructional design is to ensure learners understand the information being delivered and also enable them to retain that information for future use. To this end, instructional designers need to apprehend the basics of the cognitive load theory, which suggests learners can learn and preserve information effectively, if it is delivered without overloading their mental capacity. Instructional design is based on understanding the series of structures that enable them to solve problems and think. Before designing a course, an assessment of what learners already know is important. When designing for adults, instructional designers should notice what they know, appreciate this knowledge, and allow them to use it in the course.
Future Traits of Instructional Design –
- Personalization of Learning – Instructional design will continue to take advantage of the analysis of big data to personalize learning experiences by getting better insights into learner engagement. Learning can be crafted to meet individual needs and requirements. Big data actually allows us to check how learners learn best. Using this information will help designers avoid a multipurpose instructional design strategy or design for the average learner. With big data, we become aware of the ways of delivery preferred by individual employees. This way the instructional designers can reach learners based on their learning styles through the best learning tools available to them. Instructional designers will no longer be compelled to enforce learning in a style learners may not like. The future of instructional design will lean toward creating multiple modalities for the same information and learning strategies will be enhanced for individual fondness to be truly personalized.
- Creating Flexible Resources for Adults – With personalization, instructional design will move toward offering learners the flexibility to learn what they want rather than developing courses which follow a similar cycle based on traditional styles of learning. Today, learning abides by the adult learning need to be independent. This type of learning is suited to the modern workplace where employees search for knowledge suited to their needs and is circumstantial so that it can be translated into action. The learner will grasp the knowledge required to do his job well. To offer demand-driven learning to an audience that is technically skilled, instructional design will have to utilize the power of technology to design learning that is accessible on all devices. It will quickly change direction toward delivering learning in small pieces so that learners can access what they want, anytime and anywhere.
- Mobile Learning – The growing usage of mobile phones has given life to mobile learning. The focus will be on developing small and consistent information designed to be delivered to learners on mobile devices. These small but organized pieces of learning need to be designed and developed rapidly and the instructional design strategy will be based on how learners will interact with the course material while they are active. The size is perfect for the learner who approached them on his mobile in short intervals during his work hours and when he needs it. The units should be designed to help faster cognitive processing for faster application. Instructional design strategy will be designed to enable learners retain information; short assessments can be included to evaluate the learner. They will be self-sufficient to allow for the last minute learning and designed keeping the reusability factor in mind, so that they can be used as part of a larger course and also accessed independently. Research findings in the science of learning, the personalization of learning, tendency toward creating ‘pull’ learning, and the increasing fame of mobile learning are some of the factors that are impacting and will influence the future of instructional design.
- Creativity – Creativity brings freshness to workplace learning. It leads to meaningful challenges, which, in return, produces engagement. Constant feedback allow learners to adjust and adapt to change. Providing them with a vision to strive for, can transfer engagement into motivation and, in the long run, maybe inspiration. You can’t begin this process in the middle and just create an employee engagement program. Instructional designers need to work closely with business. The more you are your audience, the more compassion you gain, which leads to better and reasonable experiences. The most effective way to do that is through work. Try to do someone else’s work occasionally.
A Look into the Future –
There is now a trend toward greater acceptance of different forms of learning in the workplace. Thus, the work of some instructional designers is changing rapidly. Along with creating the structured types of courses mentioned above, instructional designers will be asked to make learning possible by creating favorable environments. This might include online society management, encouraging association and discussion through social media technologies, organizing material and teaching experts how to bring about and share their own material. Instructional designers who keep up with the rapid pace of change have a promising career to look up to. Today, instructional design is a very important part of workplace learning. With the need for learning in the workplace at peak, the future of instructional design is very bright.
A common notion is that design is the same as development when it comes to instructional design. However, that is not so. Design is the initial planning to determine how to train learners on a given topic, whereas development is explaining the way to bring those ideas to completion. Working out the “how” and the “way” is very important for the future of instructional design. Instructional designing is the art of designing well structured and effective training material that is used online by means of a multi-media platform. Using different interactive strategies instructional design encourages learners to participate. The instructional designed training programs use a combination of different methodologies and materials so that the learning experience can be optimized. As we formulate the future of instructional design together, take a look into the empathy mapping and see how it might fit into your instructional design practice.